#16 Asocarmelo Cauca - Colombia (filter)
Tasting Notes: Redcurrant, Red Apple, Caramel
ALTITUDE: 1723 masl
LOCATION: VILLA ESPERANZA FARM - MONTERREDONDO, CAJIBIO, CUACA
OWNER: ROQUE HONORATO CHACON
Roasted especially for filter.
Colombia is a coffee heavyweight producing around 11 million bags per year. This volume places it third globally behind Vietnam and Brazil in total production. For this reason Colombia is often intimately associated with coffee by consumers. Colombia’s coffee production is extremely unique in that it has no easily definable harvest season. The two mountain ranges that run north to south across the length of the country are used as the defining boarders between regions. This physical division creates individual microclimates that drastically impact the seasons of the coffee trees and result in an origin that is harvesting 365 days a year.
For specialty purposes there are five well established regions: Huila, Cauca, Tolima, Narinio & Antioquia. These regions are also some of the largest in the country by size and coffee production with Huila being the largest and Antioquia following closely behind. Huila is by far the best known for high end coffees but increasingly exporters and traders are looking into less established regions to find new and exciting coffees. The size of these regions also means extremely diverse microclimates and flavour profiles can be found in a single region.
Production in Colombian is very much dominated by small holders that band together into Cooperatives and growers associations. This means the vast majority of coffee in Colombia comes in big lots that contains coffee from many growers. This is further complicated by the fact that the majority of coffee is processed on the farm by the producers. Depending on the mind set and skill of the individual producer you may have great coffee being mixed with average coffee. Furthermore it is common to get variance in humidity level and bean density which can impact the overall quality of the lot. While many of these Coop lots are of extremely high quality it has been the mission of the specialty industry to isolate and separate the coffee from the very best producers.
The size and complexity of the Colombian coffee industry makes it one of the most exciting and undiscovered origins in the world today. The potential is unfathomably large, with many producing areas extremely remote making them difficult to work with. This complexity is where Falcon thrives and Colombia is a particular focus for us.
Roque Honorato bought his coffee farm in Monterredondo, Cauca in 2005. The farm, which is around 3.5 hectares and sits at an altitude of 1723 masl, was in a very bad condition with just 700 trees. Roque and his wife set about rejuvenating the farm, planting new coffee trees in batches of 1000. Today they have a total of 8000 trees, all of Castillo variety, and half a hectare of their land is kept as a forest reserve area. He picks ripe cherries every two weeks during harvest season, which in Cuaca lasts from from March to May, and then again in October. Asocarmelo help Roque with quality training and finding a market for his coffee.
He takes great care in processing using a fully washed process with a dry fermentation of 13 hours prior to de-pulping. The coffee is dried for 15 days on raised beds in a parabolic tent to ensure a stable temperature and humidity. He has developed this process alongside Asocarmelo in order to achieve optimum quality from his yearly yield.
Information courtesy of Falcon Specialty Coffee